A considerable number of people all over the world are surviving on pain relieving medications due to one reason or the other. Tramadol is one of the popularly used pain relieving medications, available almost all around the world, not only for human beings, but for pets including dogs and cats also. But in 2009 FDA has issued a warning about the minimized risks potential and efficacy of the drug exaggerated by the German company which manufactured it. After various researches, it was concluded that the risk of being habitual of this drug has been reduced considerably and did effect the person as assumed initially. Most of the people who used this drug on the suggestion of various reputable doctors found it effective on their pains with some side effects, if taken in the proper dose. Pros and cons of Tramadol for dogs is the main issue of discussion of this article so one should focus on it.
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Reasons to use Tramadol for dogs
Tramadol is used as an oral pain relieving medication even for the dogs, like human beings, to relieve the pain caused due to various reasons including incisions, arthritis, surgery recovery, cancer and dental problems. Though, this drug was found effective in relieving various types of pains in dogs, but in combination with other treatments or drugs its effectiveness can be increased considerably. It has been proven through various studies that Tramadol alone does not relieve pain much effectively.
Several medical experts do not suggest to take your pet directly to your home after various treatments including spay or neuter surgery. Also, dental treatment, wound treatments or declaw surgery, etc. to relieve his pain only through Tramadol. They, usually, suggest to include some other pain therapy or medication like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug along with Tramadol to relieve your pet’s pain more effectively. Meloxicam (Mobic), Aspirin, Piroxicam, Etogesic, Tylenol, Gabapentin or Amantadine etc. are some of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs either of that can be included with Tramadol to give quick and effective relief from pain to your dog.
Recommended dose of Tramadol for dogs
The dose of Tramadol for dogs recommended by veterinarians is 1-5 mg per kg weight of the dog. For instance, your dog weighs 20 kg then you can give him 20-100 mg of Tramadol in up to four dosages every day. They, usually, prescribe to start with two dosages of 50 mg in a day to relieve his pain effectively. If the pain still persists then you can give three to four dosages of 50 mg Tramadol each in a day which can be increased up to 75 mg per dose, if the pain is not controlled effectively with previous enhancement of medication.
Though Tramadol can be given two to four times to your dog in a day as per the severity of the pain but the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs included with it should be given only for once in a day. Normally it is better and convenient to give medication to the pets only once in a day but Tramadol should be given at least twice a day to relieve his pain more consistently.
Irritability, restlessness, reduced appetite and no desire to play are some of the symptoms that define painful condition of your dog. All of these symptoms are also experienced by human being when they are in pain. Though Tramadol along with other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs proves to be an effective treatment for the pain to your dog but in case his pain persists even after giving its maximum dose then instead of increasing its dose on your own you should immediately consult the veterinarian for suitable treatment. A veterinarian is a competent person to suggest an alternative therapy or treatment at this stage. Soft laser therapy, acupuncture, massage, salt water therapy, gabapentin, joint supplements, maropitant and SAMe are some of the treatments that your veterinarian can suggest as combination of various therapies is sometimes more effective than single medication for relieving the pain of your dog.
Pros of Tramadol for dogs
Tramadol effects the brain of your dog in two ways, soothes the pain directly like morphine as well as promotes the feeling of well-being, which is more important of the two. Tramadol blocks constant receiving of the signals of pain to the brain of the dog that helps in promoting a feeling of wellbeing. Tramadol also increases the feel-good hormones including serotonin, norepinephrine and neurotransmitters in the dog to promote a feeling of wellbeing. Neurohormones help in maintaining the feel-good feeling to prevent his depression caused by consistent pain. Like morphine, Tramadol also acts as a medication to relieve pain directly. Though Tramadol is just 5% effective as compared to morphine but it is still an effective pain reliever for dogs.
All of these positive features of Tramadol encourage most of the veterinarians to prescribe pain relieving drug for the dogs.
Cons of Tramadol for dogs
Normally Tramadol is considered as a safe and effective pain relieving drug for dogs but they may experience various side effects at their very old or young age or if they are suffering from kidney or liver problems.
Some of the side effects of Tramadol for dogs include anxiety, sedation, loss of appetite, vomiting, itching and nausea. The effect of these side effects of Tramadol among the dogs suffering from liver or kidney problems or very old or young dogs can be reduced by reducing its dose and the frequency to just 1 mg/kg once or twice a day instead of 1-5 mg/kg three to four times a day. Veterinarian should be consulted before giving high doses of Tramadol to the dogs with epilepsy. They, usually, react well with a higher dose any of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and lower dose of Tramadol. Lower dose of Tramadol can benefit the dogs suffering from liver problems much better than the dogs with strong liver.
Thus, Tramadol is an effective pain relieving drug for your dogs if they do not have any other health problem including liver or kidney problem or old age. The effectiveness of this drug can be increased by combining it with some suitable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.